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Wednesday, March 16, 2016

the means is the ends

It is a frequent assertion that "the ends do not justify the means." In our current American political climate, the ends promised by means of straight talk without political correctness will not differ from those means to achieve them. The scare quotes around "political correctness" in our national discourse prevent us from recognizing that it means consideration. To speak politically correct to speak with consideration of those affected by that speech. To conflate all Mexican migrants as rapists and murderers is to not consider the majority of Mexican migrant farm laborers who work for less than our minimum wage for more than eight hours a day to provide us with most of our national produce. To shout down "Black lives matter" is to ignore the absurdly high proportion of police brutality directed to minorities and the devastation that brings to those families. As Malcolm X crudely and said at an inconsiderate time, "the chickens have come home to roost." Or as the Bible says, "we will reap what we sow. If sow the wind, we will reap the whirlwind."

Not only do the ends not justify the means, the means are the end themselves.

A white, male bully will not make America great again, but make America crass even more and belligerent than she already is.

If we daily pray to God as Jesus taught, "Your kingdom come, your will be done on earth as it is in heaven," then shouldn't we believers be practicing the kingdom ways now, of loving our neighbors as ourselves, of turning our cheek when we are hit, of giving more when we are sued, of blessing those who slander us, of feeding the poor, caring for the sick, housing the refugee, and providing for women and children? The means are the end. Love is the method. Love is the goal. To support another method to get to a "better" kingdom is to sow the wind to our own destruction.

Tuesday, March 08, 2016

forgive us our debts

I do enjoy shrimp cocktail. It turns out I was likely enjoying the product of slaves. That story broke big at the end of 2015. At the end of last month President Obama signed a bill into law banning the import of slave produced seafood. There are so many products I consume that have slave labor as part of the supply chain. I'm reminded of the English abolitionists who denied themselves sugar in their tea as a highly symbolic stance against the Caribbean sugar plantations known for atrocious treatment of enslaved human beings who were literally worked to death.

It's a complex world we live in. Even if I am not aware of the sins of my consumption, I still benefit from those injustices. No matter how delicately I walk through life, I will get mud on my feet. I live on land stolen from it's original inhabitants. I wear clothes that were probably made in sweatshops. Knowing this, I have to acknowledge my debt to these dehumanized workers.

I am a straight white male scientist in America. I have looked down on those who have not been as successful as myself. I have judged them. I have blamed them for their circumstances. I have called them names. I have used minority slurs. I am guilty of dehumanizing people in general and in particular. The occasions in particular I am able to reach out to directly and repent, but where do I go for those I've dehumanized in general? I have put myself in debt to God who made all these children in his image. I can admit my debt here on this little corner of the internet. I can live that apology by using my little social media presence to amplify the voices and needs of the oppressed. I also pray daily, "forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors" as Jesus taught in his sermon on the mount in Matthew 6:9-15.

It's a plural prayer. I am not only asking for my forgiveness, I am asking for our forgiveness. I do not believe I am drawing a circle for "us" just to include my family, my church, my religious tribe, or my country. I reckon if I need to forgive everyone who hurts me, I need to ask for everyone else's forgiveness as well, the slavers who run shrimp boats, the sweatshop owners who make children work 12-14 hours a day, the racists who burn crosses, the pedophiles who traffic exploitative pornography, all of my enemies. I think Jesus is teaching in his sermon that we are in this together. For every sin I can point a finger at, their are many more I am complicit in whether I know it or not.

How many degrees of separation are sufficient to keep the stain off me?

I think if Jesus is God become man so that man may become god, a motto of the church father Athanasius among others, then this prayer is indeed Jesus' prayer as well. As a full human being, he is understood by the church to be sinless in the first degree, but what about the second or third degrees? When he healed the Roman centurion's slave, he did not condemn slavery, an observation by pro-slavery theologians in the pre-Civil War United States. When he compared a Gentile woman to a dog, well, it seems rude from this many years later and has been used to justify rudeness by his followers. I'm simply saying, the Lord's prayer was not only for his followers, but for himself as well. He asked his Father to forgive us our debts as we have forgiven our debtors.

Tuesday, March 01, 2016

Not everything biblical is Christian part 19 - parts of Paul's letter to the Romans

I started thinking this week about a section of St. Paul's letter to the Romans and wondering if this might be another candidate for this series. I do not have it all worked out in my head, hence I am here puzzling it out.

First the passage...
Romans 2
You, therefore, have no excuse, you who pass judgment on someone else, for at whatever point you judge another, you are condemning yourself, because you who pass judgment do the same things.
2 Now we know that God’s judgment against those who do such things is based on truth.
3 So when you, a mere human being, pass judgment on them and yet do the same things, do you think you will escape God’s judgment?
4 Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realizing that God’s kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?
 5 But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed.
6 God “will repay each person according to what they have done.” 7 To those who by persistence in doing good seek glory, honor and immortality, he will give eternal life. 8 But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil, there will be wrath and anger. 9 There will be trouble and distress for every human being who does evil: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile; 10 but glory, honor and peace for everyone who does good: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. 11 For God does not show favoritism.

Those verses I bolded, 6-10, simply do not jive with the message of the apostle of grace, not within this letter nor in his other letters to the early church.

In the next chapter Paul argues from his reading of the Hebrew scripture that all are unrighteous. However, the appearance of Jesus has revealed God's plan of salvation all along. He writes, 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. In chapter 4 he appeals to the example of Abraham and a psalm of David's. In chapter 5 he makes massive claims about God's plan as revealed in Jesus, 5:18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people. He goes on and on about God's plan as revealed by Jesus, a completely one-sided plan, it's initiated, continued and finished by God who it love.
Romans 8:32 He who did not spare his own Son, but gave him up for us ALL—how will he not also, along with him, graciously give us all things? ... 38 For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, 39 neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Romans 11:32 For God has bound all men over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all.
He develops this in his other letters as well.
1 Corinthians 15:22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.
2 Corinthians 5:18 All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation: 19 that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting men’s sins against them.
Ephesians 1:9 And he made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ, 10 to be put into effect when the times will have reached their fulfillment—to bring all things in heaven and on earth together under one head, even Christ.
Philippians 2:9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Colossians 1:19 For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, 20 and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross.

The question is why has Paul put these words from Romans chapter 2 in his letter if he doesn't even believe these things? We know in some of his other letters he refers to questions he has been asked, but without the techniques we modern english readers are familiar with in our familiar typography today. Paul could not use quotation marks. It wasn't an option in Greek. He did not have any punctuation. Everything was written in all capital letters squished together in the limited space of parchment. There were not even spaces between words. Therefore, his readers, even us 2000 years after the occasion, are left to read critically. Some modern Bible's are typeset to suggest how the argument flows. Some even add notes or headings to indicate their favored understanding. Even the words selected for translation are not unbiased. As my Greek professor liked to say, translation is commentary.

Since not all parts of the Bible are equal, but Jesus, as the best representation of God, gets the final vote, I approach passages like this wearing my Jesus lens. Jesus taught in his sermon on the mount that not everyone who says of Jesus "Lord, Lord" and does miracles in his name qualifies as citizen in his new kingdom. In fact, they might even be evildoers, Matthew 7:21-23. It seems to me that Jesus does not agree with the voice in Romans 2, but rather agrees with Paul's other thoughts in Romans and elsewhere, that it's all grace, God's love realized.

I do not think Paul is contradicting himself in Romans 2, but quoting a religious foil, someone who believes contra Jesus that a good life obligates God to reward the do-gooder. Paul argues against that in chapter 3 saying no one, except Jesus, is purely good. No one can love perfectly. Everyone is wounded, crippled by ourselves and our fellow wounded human beings. As the well attested aphorism goes, hurt people hurt people. As Jesus says, he is the physician who has come to heal the unrighteous, not the self-righteous.

Even in the New Testament, there is plenty there that require discernment, a christianese word meaning "critical reflection." If something in the Bible does not align with Christ and his teaching it's not Christian. It seems like a tautology but most christians reared on an extremely simplified doctrine of biblical inerrancy (every word in the Bible is God's word) fear such critical reading.

A much deeper reflection on Paul's application of the revelation of Jesus in the letter to the Romans, one would have to read a thousand page tome by Douglas A. Campbell, professor in the Duke Divinity School, The Deliverance of God: An Apocalyptic Rereading of Justification in Paul. I have not read it myself, it's a little out of my price range. For a short and free introduction to his thought, see this post at Andrew Wilson's blog, Do You Read Romans Like An Arian?.

This is part 19 of the series, Not everything Biblical is ChristianPart one points out that the words of Satan recorded in the Bible are not Christian doctrine. Part two shows the Sermon on the Mount overruling the cursing of enemies exhibited in Psalm 137. Parts three and four show Moses getting overruled by Ezekiel and Jesus. Part five merely brushes the concept of source criticism.  Part six looks at the Old Testament application in the early church: a brief summary of the book of Acts. Part seven looks at how the church has worked this out regarding slavery. Part eight, showed one example of how an unchristian part of the Bible helps tell the Christian story. Part nine asks who would Jesus hate? Part 10 discusses women as Biblically approved spoils of war. Part 11 discusses divorce. Part 12 discusses the imposition of Bronze Age social constructs onto our diverse and complex modern world. Part 13 discusses women as property in the Biblical world. Part 14 discusses dehumanization of people with Biblical support. Part 15 discusses the evangelical culture that tends to proclaim the terrible day of the Lord is around the next corner. Part 16 shows how the end of the book of Job overrules 90% of the soliloquies in the book. Part 17 discusses a Psalm of confession. Part 18 discusses more Psalmist theology.